From Chikatuyu-Oji to Kobiro-Oji

21st on September, we walked from Michi-no-eki in Chikatsuyu to Kobiro-Oji. It was beautiful day, so we enjoyed scenery of early autumn.
At first we climed onto Hashiore-hill. The Kumano roed goes on a grove of cedar trees.
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The stone figure of Gyuba-doji standed on the hill. Gyu means cow and ba means horse, doji means child. Gyuba-doji is a kind of Buddhism statue.
It is said that this figure was made in Meiji era as the image of Kazan-houou. Houou is an abdicated emperor who has Joined a Buddhist order. The tragic story about Kazan is handed down through generations.

Gyuba-doji Statue
In Hashiori hill, there’s a small stone statue (about 50 cm tall)、called Gyuba-doji riding a horse and a cow、which was made in 1889 in memory of Kazan-in (968-1008).
This was his figure of 19 years old boy when he visited here.
He was unhappy emperor. Because he lost his emperor’s position by conspiracy.
After he became a monk, he visited many temples and shrines in Kumano and became one of emperors to make imperial pilgrimage to Kumano.
Many pilgrims in those days felt sorry for the lonely young emperor. That’s why he was loved by everybody. (Toshiko.S)

牛馬童子像
箸折峠には、牛と馬に乗った小さな石像(約50センチの高さ)があります。 1889年に花山院法皇(968-1008)供養の為に作られたものです。
花山院法皇が、箸折峠を訪れた19歳の時の姿です。花山院は、陰謀により天皇の地位を失ってしまった不幸な人でした。
僧侶になった後、熊野の沢山の神社や寺を巡礼し、熊野の巡礼道を作った一人でもあります。 
当時の多くの巡礼者は、可哀想な孤独な天皇を気の毒に思いました。 だからこそ、花山院は、人々に愛されてきました。
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Another stone monument that is called Hokyoin-to is standing behind the Gyuba-doji. Hokyoin-to is thought that written sutras had been in it.
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This is a statue of Enno-ozunu who was a mountain priest.
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The cluster amaryllis.(spider lilies)
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CHikatuyu village
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Chikatsuyu-Oji
10 minutes’ walk from Gyuba―Doji statue, you cross the Hiki River.Beside the river, there is Chikatsuyu―Oji which is classified in the rank below the Gotai―Oji (the five most revered Oji shrines).
From ancient times pilgrims purified themselves in the river before they worshipped the Oji. The Retired Emperor, Go-Toba (1180-1239) held a poetry composing gathering here.
Chikatsuyu is located about half way from Tanabe where you start walking the Nakahechi route to Kumano Hongu, so it is said that Chikatsuyu was the important place and was prosperous as a station with many inns and stores. (Yumiko.S)
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the remain of "Temma-sho"
"Temma-sho" was the "horse relay station" in Edo era, created by Tokugawa Ieyasu before the end of civil war( Sengoku era). He established Temma-sho network in whole Japan after he became shogunate.
There were 38 "Temma-sho"s in Kishu country or today's Wakayama prefecture. There are 125 railroad stations in the prefecture now. The number of "Temma-sho" indicate highly developed condition in Edo era compared to the number of the railroad stations today. Local people must maintain the Temma-sho with no salary. The horses at Temma-sho carried public resources and people to the next station, then horses were changed to new one. Kumano Kodo was the highway developed for strategic and economic purposes, rather than citizens.
In the area where we walked there were two stations. One was near Chikatsuyu-Oji and another one was at "Ippo-Sugi" in "Nonaka" about three km ahead. Next station was sixteen km to "Fushiogami-Oji".(Yasuo.H)

伝馬所跡
「伝馬所」は江戸時代に馬の中継点であった。これは戦国時代が終わる前に徳川家康によってつくられた。彼は将軍になると全国規模の伝馬所網を完成させた。
紀州、今日の和歌山県には38ヵ所の伝馬所があった。地元の住民は無償で伝馬所を維持しなければならなかった。伝馬所の馬は公共の物資や人員を次の中継点まで運び、新しい馬に引き継いだ。 割らした智が歩いた所には2つの伝馬所があり、ひとつは近露王子のそば、もう一つはの中の一方杉にあり、距離は約3mである。
次の伝馬所はもっと遠くて、伏拝王子にあり、距離は16kmである。 例えば野中の伝馬所では11頭の馬と人夫が常駐し、現在の消防署のようにいつでも出発できるように維持されていた。

white cluster amaryllis.
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Tomb of the Nonagase Clan
After Chikatsuyu-Oji, you walk through Chikatsuyu village houses, take the left pass when you come to the intersection.
Follow a narrow slope lane beside small houses, you can find the tomb stones of the Nonagase Clan on the hill.
They are the stone stupa such as Gorin-tou and Hokyo-in-tou, and tomb stones which are said to be from 15th century (Muromachi era)
The Nonagase Clan had governed this Chikatsuyu area as the ruler of the manor owned by the noble class of Kyoto Imperial families.
The graves of Nonagase clan.
There had been about 60 year’s war in 14th century among the Kyoto Imperial families for the power, the two factions (North families and South families) battled each other supported by samurai warrior groups.
The Nonagase Clan supported the South, through the marriage of their several daughters with the imperial family of the South.
The Nonagase Clan was given the family name “Yokoya”(side arrow)as the reward for their protection of Ohto-miya (an imperial prince of the South) when he was attacked in 1332.
The name of the local Clan in such mountainous district was highlighted through their active role in the history of the Kyoto Imperial families in 14th century.
You can find many “Yokoya” family tombs in the cametry. (Haruo.S)

近露王子から東へ、集落を過ぎた交差点の左の道、民家の庭先の坂を登ると、小高い丘に、野長瀬一族の墓石が集められている。
この山深い地域を治めた(貴族の荘園の管理職)野長瀬一族の墓石や、「五輪塔」「法篋印塔」があり、15世紀(室町末期)以降の作と云われている。
14世紀初め、当時の天皇家の権力争いで、2派(北朝町と南朝)が抗争、それを支援する武士集団が加わり、約60年間争いが続いた。
野長瀬一族は南朝の天皇家と姻戚を結び(娘を嫁がせる)支援した。
1332年の戦いで、南朝の大塔宮護良親王への攻撃を守ったことで、「横矢」の姓を授かっている。当時の栄枯とその後の統治により、この墓地の墓石には横矢姓が多い。
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The sky was blue and it became a nice weather. we looked at Chiikano Elementary school on our left side, we had lunch at the yard of Chikano Shrine. After lunch we walkd again Kumano kodo , past Chikano Junir high school and went up the slope to the left. There was a small stone Budhha.
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Kodo meet to wide and gentle road. we can enjoy nature view of the mountains. this mountain celled " Otome no negao". Otome means maiden, negao means sleeping face.
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We can see a pointed mountain in the far away, it is called "Mikamori-yama". Mika means three days. It is said that Ogurihangan and his wife Terutehime passed this mountain. they had taken three days to pass there.
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The monument of Hisohara-Oji
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What is this flower's name? Bush clover?
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Nonaka no Ipousugi
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Tsugizakura-OJi (Torii gate)
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Tsugizakura-Oji Shrine
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another Ipou-sugi
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Toganoki-chaya(tea house)
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Map (From Chikatuyu-oji to Kobiro-oji )
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[PR]
by wakayamakiga | 2017-09-27 22:36 | Nakahichi route/中辺路 | Comments(0)

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