高野 町石道 Koya Cho-ishi-michi

高野山は海抜900m前後の山々が連なる盆地に開かれた真言仏教の聖地です。高野山に行く道は7つあり、「高野七口」と呼ばれていますが、その中でも「町石道」は最も有名な古道です。高野山の壇上伽藍から紀ノ川平野の慈尊院まで約20km。この巡礼の道に1町ごとに「町石」と呼ばれる石の卒塔婆が立っています。町石は180基あり、「高野町石道」と呼ばれています。

Koya-san is located at the mountain top basin elevation of around 900 m. There are seven routes to access Koya-san called "Koya-nana-kuchi" and "Cho-ishi-michi" is the most famous route. From "Danjo-garan", the great pagoda at Koya-san to Jison-in temple at the river plain of Kino-kawa is 20 km long. On this route the mile stones named "Cho-ishi" are located every one Cho ( 109 m). On the 20 km long pilgrimage route there are 180 "Cho-ishi"s and called "Koya Cho-ishi-michi".

はじめ、「町石」は高野山の開僧・空海の時代(9世紀)に木で作られました。その後、鎌倉時代(13世紀)に2回の蒙古来襲があり、防衛と国内の団結を祈念して石で建て替えられました。町石の寸法は断面30cmの正方形で、高さ3.6m、重量750kgです。

  Originally "Cho-ishi" were made of wood and built by Kukai、 the founder of Koya-san in the 9th century. In Kamakura era there were Mongol invasions twice ( 13th century). Praying for defense and solidarity、 Cho-ishi were refurbished by stone not wood. The dimension of Cho-ishi is 30cm square section, 3.6m tall and weight of 750kg.

町石の形状は、仏教における世界の五大要素である地・水・火・風・空を表しています。町石の大部分は正方形の棒状で、天に向かって高く伸びています。上部に四つの要素が刻まれ、正面の上部には、壇上伽藍から始まる町数が刻まれ、側面には寄進者の名前と建てた年が刻まれています。町石の長さはすべて同じですが、ながめるとさまざま高さと形状になって見えます。年月が過ぎ、地盤の状況によってあるものは深く、あるものは浅く埋まってしまったからです。

The shape of Cho-ishi express the five elements of the universe in Buddhism; from the bottom, earth, water, fire, wind and space. Most parts of Cho-ishi consist of square rod meaning earth but four symbols are carved on the top part of it. The number of "Cho" measured from Danjo-garan is carved on the front top of Cho-ishi, and donator's name and building year is on the side. Length of all Cho-ishi is same, but the Cho-ishi we see are various height. Some of Cho-ishi are buried deeply and some are shallow depending on the ground conditions

750ねん以上の年月が経ち、いくつかの町石は壊れましたが、100年ほど前、高野山の創建1100年記念祭が行われた際、それらの多くが作り替えられました。

They are more than 750 years old but some are broken and newly rebuilt about 100 years ago, when 1100th anniversary of founding Koya-san was celebrated.

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A cho-ishi in the percimon field built in Kamakura era at 163 Cho.
From bottom earth the long square part, each short block shows water, fire, wind, and space. ( this picture was taken in July)

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A brouken Cho-ishi on the left and newly built beside at 138 Cho. (Y.H)

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by wakayamakiga | 2018-03-20 11:02 | Choishi-michi 高野・町石道 | Comments(0)

KIGA 熊野・高野国際語り部の会のブログです


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