カテゴリ:平石保雄( 4 )

尼将軍 政子 Nun Shogunate Masako

A small shrine building dedicating Hojo Masako.

Hojo Masako was said to have visited to Kumano twice. She was the wife of the first shogunate, Minamoto Yoritomo.
Masako married Minamoto Yoritomo overcoming all difficulties. Yoritomo established the Samurai government first time.
Masako sacrificed her life to maintain the Samurai government. She lost her husband and all children, two sons and two daughters.
After her husband's death her two sons became shogunate, but she had to quit their posts, forced to be a monk to the elder son and assassinated the younger son. The eldest daughter Oohime was died of depression at 20 and the youngest daughter was weak and died at 14.
She was so disappointed that she decided to become a nun. In 1221, she declared war against ex-emperor Gotoba. She gave the clear message to Kamakura warriors and got solidarity. She won the war that Samurai want the power, She was called "nun shogunate".
I felt Masako's loneliness in the forest isolated from the village where people are living . She was criticized as a cold blooded woman but she sacrificed her life for the Kamakura Bakufu. I think she could get only her peace of mind by coming to Kumano, She was a victim of the history. (Y.H)

夫の死後、2人の息子は将軍になりましたが、政子は上の息子には出家を強要し、下の息子を暗殺したのです。長女の大姫はうつ病で20歳で亡くなり、次女は病弱で14歳で世を去りました。 全てを失った彼女は失意のうちに尼になりました。

Manryo trees with red ripe fruits before the shrine, the only her comrades.

by wakayamakiga | 2018-03-11 09:43 | 平石保雄 | Comments(0)

Uragami pass and Kake-nuke michi

I got off the train at Kii-Uragami station. Soon Kumano-kodo turns to left and enter the mountain area. About 1km walk, I felt smell of charcoal burning. There are two charcoal makers both side of the road. Each makers have two kilns. One of right side kiln was just burning woods. The road was filled with smoke. They made "Bincho-tan" charcoal the most valuable charcoal.
At Uragami pass, there is a flat space and small pond that suggests there was a house for resting in the pass. I arrived the flat place after 3 km of walk, the area was full of rice paddies. Kumano-Kodo continues straight. But I turned to left and headed to exact north where there is Seiganto-ji temple and Nachi grand shrine.
About 6 km walk there is a pretty big elementary school. Walking along the fence of the school, I entered the mountain road. I could not find any information of the road name. The road remains good condition and not very steep, so I enjoyed walking on the ancient road. After 3 km walking, the road merges with the prefectural road and continue flat. This prefectural road is very narrow and two cars can not fit and there are no guardrails.
Most car road is build on the ancient road, but sometimes they are different. It was very interesting to find the ancient road, and I walked on the old one as much as I could.
At the very small village, I crossed another car road. From here, it was the steepest road that day and climbed 250 m. I arrived Amitabha( Amida) temple about 600 m in elevation. From here I could see the nice Pacific ocean view, it may be feel that the earth is seen really round.
The road from here to Seiganto-ji temple in Nachi is called "Kakenuke-michi" . Most pilgrims of ancient days could come to Kumano only once in their whole life. So they added a schedule to visit Amitabha temple and went running back to "Okumotori pass" route. "Kakenuke-michi" means "go running route".
"Kakenuke-michi" is about 2.5 km long in ancient time, it was measured 22 "Cho"s (Cho is 110m). So there are 22 Cho stones but they are not placed in precision unlike "Choishi-michi" in Koya-san. I discovered three 20th Cho stones !? It is very funny.
ここから那智の青岸渡寺への道は「駆け抜け道」と呼ばれる。昔の熊野への参詣者は大部分、生涯で1回しか来れなかった。それで阿弥陀寺に寄り道して 参詣し、駆け足で大雲取越にもどっていった。「駆け抜け道」は走って行った道を意味する。
駆け抜け道は約2.5kmで22丁に相当する(1丁は110m)。それで22の町石があるが高野山の町石道のように正確には置かれていない。20丁目の石が3つあった!? 楽しい気分にさせてくれる。
Charcoal kilns beside "Ohechi".
The road is filled with smoke.
Ancient road parallels the prefectural car road.
The view of Pacific Ocean from Amitabbha temple.

One of "cho-ishi", indicates every 110m beside "Kakenuke-michi".

by wakayamakiga | 2018-01-17 22:12 | 平石保雄 | Comments(0)

Yunomine Fern ユノミネシダ

I know the name of "Yunomine fern" since more than ten years ago.
I also know there is a autogenous area near Yunomine hot spring. I imagined the hectares of land where the Yunomine ferns are growing. I tried to found the fern several times but failed.
I was extremely surprised Yunomine ferns are growing in the only small garden size area behind the hot spring building. The environment is warm and humid by the hot spring water.
Yunomine fern was discovered in 1887 at here, so named as "Yunomine", despite there are very few plants here. Yunomine fern is the tropical or semi tropical species. There are some Yunomine fern around the hot springs or mines. Yunomine is the northern limit of this species. I guess the name of "Yunomine" means this fern was found here first time in Japan.
Yunomine fern is called "Histiopteris incisa" in academic name and also called Batwing Fern. The leaves like many bats flying in the formation flying upside down.
Yunomine fern is populous in southern islands and New Zealand and Australia. I'm excited the great journey of spore of the fern flew thousands miles over the ocean and arrived here. The great hero of the fern!

Yunomine Fern on the cliff behind the hot spring.


There are many "Urajiro" ferns in the forest.

ユノミネシダは学術名で「Histiopteris incisa」と呼ばれ、コウモリ・シダとも呼ばれている。葉はたくさんのコウモリが逆さになって編隊飛行しているみたいである。
Popular ferns in Wakayama, "Urajiro" with two branches.

Another popular one, with six branches.

by wakayamakiga | 2017-12-27 20:17 | 平石保雄 | Comments(0)

Yukawa Oji the dream of the powerful clan 湯川王子

Yukawa family was a powerful clan in southern Wakayama in several centuries until end of 16th century. There was Kameyama castle at the hilltop behind the Gobo station. Here was the base region of Yukawa clan.
In 1585, Toyotomi Hideyoshi won the war against Ohta, in today's Wakayama city. Then Hideyoshi advanced to south to subjugate Yukawa. Yukawa moved to the mountain of Nakahechi.
Despite the steep mountain region, there is relatively flat basin around Yukawa Oji. There is over 10 ha cultivatable land around here. Today, there no houses but there are many remain of houses and stone wall made the rice paddies.
Yukawa Oji is in this territory, with a Oji monument and small shrine building. There is small creek in front of the Oji. Backing about 100 m, there is a sign post "Yukawa family's graveyard". But the route to there is troublesome, the road is almost disappeared and there are no sign post ahead. It is more clear to cross the stream at Yukawa Oji and climb the hill about 30 m, you can reach the graveyard about 100 m walk.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi controlled whole Japan and Yukawa clan lost their power. Civil war era ended and Japan entered the new peaceful but boring historical stage.


by wakayamakiga | 2017-12-13 21:51 | 平石保雄 | Comments(0)

KIGA 熊野・高野国際語り部の会のブログです

by 熊野小僧(kumano kozo)